Here Are Common Causes of Gum Recession

Gum RecessionGum recession is a very common dental problem that occurs in a large number of Americans. Described as the process whereby the gum tissue gradually pulls backward or wears down, gum recession can leave you with hyper-exposed teeth or even have the gum exposed to the surface. In addition, this problem can cause there to be pockets and gaps in between the teeth, which make it easier for infections to occur due to the bacteria building up within these gaps or pockets. Most people do not realize that they are experiencing gum recession since it is an extremely slow process. However, it is strongly advised to seek dental, or orthodontic, treatment for gum recession as left untreated it will result in repeated infections that can ultimately damage the structure of the teeth, bone, and gums.

Periodontists treat gum recession and know that seeking treatment is critical to your mouth's overall health. Unlike many gum diseases, gum recession can occur naturally and is often caused by habits that erode the gums over time. There are other factors as to why gum recession occurs, some more serious than other, and there are a number of treatment options that you should consider and go over in depth in our dentist office.

So what causes gum recession in the first place?

Gum recession can be caused by a number of factors. Some of these are:

  • Aggressive tooth brushing can cause the gums to start to wear away. People who have a tendency to brush their teeth too hard or use an extremely hard toothbrush run the risk of rubbing away their gums and that can ultimately lead to the gums receding. Excessive or overly aggressive brushing can also lead to the enamel on the teeth being worn away, which can also lead to gum recession. 
  • Periodontal disease is a bacterial infection that will attack your gums. The direct result of this is that your gums will start to recede, leading to gum recession along with a host of other complications. This bacteria will destroy the gums and the bones that hold your teeth in place making it imperative that you seek treatment immediately if you suspect that you have gum recession as a result of periodontal disease. 
  • Just like aggressive brushing of the teeth can lead to the gums starting to recede, getting insufficient dental care can also lead to this condition. If the teeth are not cleaned enough, tartar builds up on the teeth. Also known as calculus, this build up can only be removed by extensive professional dental cleaning which can also lead to the gums receding. 
  • Bad habits like the use of tobacco are direct causes of gum recession as well. Tobacco users are more likely to have sticky plaque on their teeth that can result in the gums being affected and ultimately wearing down. In a similar manner, people with tongue or lip piercings are at a higher risk for gum recession. The stud in a piercing will constantly rub against the gums, causing irritation and ultimately a level of erosion which leads to the gums receding as well. 

To learn more about how to prevent or treat gum recession, call and schedule an appointment with our dental office.

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